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Scalable Energy-Efficient, Low-Latency Implementations of Spiking Deep Belief Networks on SpiNNaker

>Evangelos Stromatias, Daniel Neil, Francesco Galluppi, Michael Pfeiffer, Shih-Chii Liu and Steve Furber


Deep neural networks have become the state-ofthe- art approach for classification in machine learning, and Deep Belief Networks (DBNs) are one of its most successful representatives. DBNs consist of many neuron-like units, which are connected only to neurons in neighboring layers. Larger DBNs have been shown to perform better, but scaling-up poses problems for conventional CPUs, which calls for efficient implementations on parallel computing architectures, in particular reducing the communication overhead. In this context we introduce a realization of a spike-based variation of previously trained DBNs on the biologically-inspired parallel SpiNNaker platform. The DBN on SpiNNaker runs in real-time and achieves a classification performance of 95% on the MNIST handwritten digit dataset, which is only 0.06% less than that of a pure software implementation. Importantly, using a neurally-inspired architecture yields additional benefits: during network run-time on this task, the platform consumes only 0.3 W with classification latencies in the order of tens of milliseconds, making it suitable for implementing such networks on a mobile platform. The results in this paper also show how the power dissipation of the SpiNNaker platform and the classification latency of a network scales with the number of neurons and layers in the network and the overall spike activity rate.

IEEE Copyright